dog health issues

Health problems are part of life. All the creatures on the earth suffer from health conditions including dogs.

Dogs are honest friends, and they depend entirely on us for their every need.

To give your pet a better life without any health conditions it’s necessary to teach ourselves about the illness, diseases, and seriousness that can happen. 

For that, you must know about a few common health problems dogs can relate to.

There are many reasons your dog can become sick. Always observe your dog behavior for any signs of illness. 

Many health problems can affect dogs and we’ve collected the common health issues in dogs, their signs, and treatments.

Now, let’s take a look one by one.

Parvovirus [‘parvo’]

Parvovirus is a transferable disease and harms the system of gastrointestinal and it may cause bloody diarrhea., fever, and vomiting. 

Parvovirus can occur by direct exposure to a pet also by touching infected stools, equipment, collars, surfaces, and hands.

The parvovirus can remain in the soil for years, preventing parvo can be very costly and many dogs die from parvo despite intensive treatment.

No need to worry because vaccines are available to prevent parvovirus.

External parasites

External parasites are the other common health issues in dogs and fleas, ticks as well manage is the main reason for these diseases.

These types of problems can spread by direct touch and the environment where the infected dogs gather.

Ticks and fleas are communicable diseases and some other types of tapeworms as well they can infect the environment or your home yard too. 

There are many trustable products accessible to prevent or treat external parasites for your dogs. Consult with the veterinarian.

Distemper [cause by the transferable virus]

Distemper is a transferable virus. Dogs and puppies are typically infected with this virus by air touch particles or by the nasal droplets of infected dogs.

Infected dogs or puppies normally, vomiting, diarrhea, vomiting, seizure, a snotty nose, and paralysis. It is mostly killing.

Happily, there is an effective vaccine available to protect your dog from this killing disease. 

Ear Infections

Frequently, dust, dirt, or some other things such as seeds access inside your dog’s ear, it makes them irritated and, in the end, infected. 

If your dog scratches its ears a lot that means your dog has an ear infection. Ear infections may be itchy or even very painful. 

When it is left untreated, it can cause heavy damage.

If your dog is showing signs of an ear infection for more than a two-day then you immediately visit your pet doctor.

Intestinal parasites [spread when dogs fleas or tapeworms]

Parasites like hookworms, roundworms, tapeworms, and whipworms give eggs that go through your dog’s stomach.

And that egg can come out through the dog’s stool and stick to the other dogs. 

The intestinal parasites can lead to malnutrition.

It steals nutrients from the food and causes malnutrition and when food is digested you can see hookworms and blood loss in the blood. 

Adaptable medicines are available in the market to treat worms, and you should talk to your bet for the adaptable products for your pet.

Kennel cough [runny nose like a human and bad dry cough]

Kennel cough is a very common illness among dogs. Kennel cough can be developed by a mixture of the virus and bacteria. 

This is communicated through the direct contact with the infected dog.

In the early stage of this illness, dogs may not look like they are sick but also they can infect other dogs. 

Give rest, a lot of good food, water and maintain a proper care routine for the dogs who suffer from the kennel cough.

There are vaccines for this disease, but not all dogs have to use the vaccine, you can consult your vet for the right decision.

Cancer [often develop in older age]

Unfortunately, just like us, dogs also develop cancers as they age.

Dogs can suffer from the different kinds of cancer that humans suffer from, such as breast cancer, melanoma, lymphoma, and even prostate cancer are few of them.

Cancer prevention can be taken as radiation, surgeries, or chemotherapy.

As with all kinds of cancers, having it early is common, so note the lumps or any spots on your dog’s skin, ears, and eyes.

Rabies [spread by saliva, bite from an infected animal, contaminating skin wound ]

Every mammal is liable to be infected by rabies.

While a dog playing in a group has high chances of getting rabies if you don’t collect proof of rabies vaccination in each dog in the group. 

It is 100% the most common health issue in dogs, the dead dealing case with animals once they start to show signs of disease. 

The virus is blown up through contact with suffering animals or by saliva contaminating a skin wound.

Happily, rabies infection is treatable with vaccination.

Ringworm [fungal infection in the skin can cause ringworm]

Fungal infection of the skin can cause ringworm. It can be spread by communication with an infected dog, its bedsheet. 

Ringworm mostly causes patches of hair loss. Some dogs will unnecessarily scratch the area, while others may not be itchy. 

Many dogs will recover without treatments, but they are mostly treated to prevent them from spreading the infection to other peoples or dogs.

Heatstroke [caused during hot weather or in warm]

Heatstroke is a big threat during hot weather and warm. Your dog is always wearing fur and they are normally warmer than you are.

A temperature that looks only a little warm to a person can be too hot for a dog.

While playing usually many dogs gather together and in this condition can be dealy due to the crowd and heat. 

Signs of heatstroke include excessive breathing heavily and wearing the mouth, weakness, abnormal gum color, collapse, and death.

Arthritis [especially in older dogs]

Arthritis is renowned for the inflammation of a joint or multiple joints in the body. In dogs, the arthritis is osteoarthritis. 

Arthritis mostly occurs in old dogs therefore it can be caused due to old injuries or congenital disorders like hip dysplasia.

The good thing is that it can normally be managed, if your dog is suffering from osteoarthritis, consult your vet. 

It’s very hard to tell if your dog is going through arthritis. Even though it’s very painful, your dog won’t show any signs of the complaint.

Skin Allergies [red, flaky, inflamed, scaly skin]

Many dogs experience different skin problems. Scratching and itching are common signs of the injection in the dog’s skin.  

Inflamed, flaky, appear red, scaly, or abnormal are the signs of skin allergies. Hair fall of certain body areas is also common on it.

Dog’s Skin Allergies

There are few reasons for skin problems, including parasites, allergies, skin infections, and more.

If a dog constantly chews, scratching, or the skin seems abnormal maybe it is a sign of a skin allergy.

Vomiting [gastrointestinal blockage, toxicity, or other serious diseases]

Maybe vomiting is a sign of toxicity, gastrointestinal blockage, or other serious diseases. The reason can also be as simple as an imbalance of diet. 

This is another case of vomiting being a symptom of weather than a diagnosis. Causes include Parasites, infection, etc.

Don’t try to guess, or treat yourself if your dogs keep vomiting, you should get your vet involved.


Another common issue on Australian dogs and one that often isn’t observed is obesity. It is the most preventable illness seen in dogs.

If a pup is obese then they risk growing all sorts of related heart conditions, arthritis, kidney disease, and many more.

Obesity can be prevented and can often reverse through proper diet and exercise.

Diabetes [dehydration, urinary tract infection, weight loss are the signs]

Diabetes is a serious condition seen in dogs and it is caused by an absence of the hormone.

After the meal, the digestive system of the dog breaks foods into multiple commas.  

After the meal, their digestive system breaks food into different particles like glucose-which is carried into their cells by insulin, and that hormones are classified by the pancreas. 

When your dog can’t produce hormone or can’t use it normally, their blood sugar range gets high.

It leads to hyperglycemia, which is untreated and can cause many complications in the health of dogs.

Cataracts [mostly in senior dogs or may be present when the dog is born]

This is a risky disease, mainly with older dogs. Cataracts for dogs, just like humans can really affect the way we see. 

High possibility of having cataracts in puppies when they are born or may grow in the several weeks of their puppy life.

Dental disease [ liable to the vital organ failures]

Dental disease (a disease of the gums and tooth attachments) is intense and mostly occurs in health conditions for dogs. 

Bad breath is not normal in dogs and can be a sign of dental disease.

Tartar and plaque in your dog’s mouth nurture risky bacteria, and it damages your dog’s gums and teeth.

Worse, the bacteria can go through the bloodstream, cause other serious problems in the body, such as heart disease and kidney failure


Leptospira bacteria is a reason behind Leptospirosis.

The bacteria come out from the stool or  urine of the dog who is suffering from this disease. 

People normally become infected by having infected things or having contact with infected food or soil.  

A dog contaminated with leptospirosis leads to muscle weakness, muscle, lethargy, and failure of the kidney or liver.

The vaccine is available for this disease.

Canine Influenza [snotty nose, coughing, and fever]

It is actually a newly seen disease in dogs. This disease is contaminated through infected objects or respiratory secretion. 

The virus stays 2 days on any surface, up to 1 day on clothes, and up to 12 hours on people’s hands.

Dogs suffering from canine influenza have a fever, hard coughing, and snotty nose with the same signs as the dog with kennel cough.


There are many other health conditions that are seen in dogs. Health conditions in dogs also depend on their lifestyle, dog breed, their food, and many other things. 

To maintain your puppy’s health very well you have to consult with your nearest vet and evaluate the condition of your dog in a timely manner.

Ask any questions in the comment below! Let us help you with the professional’s advice on the intensity of your pet’s situation and help you choose the best course of action.